Experimental Study of Mechatronic System On Control of Air Flow Temperature

Authors

  • Asmara Yanto Institut Teknologi Padang
  • Adriyan Adriyan Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Nasional
  • Rozi Saferi Institut Teknologi Padang
  • M. Hanif Al Hafizh Institut Teknologi Padang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21063/jtm.2022.v12.i1.39-46

Keywords:

mechatronic system, control, air flow temperature, heater, on-off.

Abstract

In this work, an experimental study of a mechatronic system on control of airflow temperature has been conducted to identify the characteristics of the system. The system is tested by several reference temperatures from the monitor panel that programmed on the computer. The measurement of the output temperature by the sensor that is expected to be the same as the reference temperature is also displayed on the same monitor panel. While the measurement of AC power consumption by an actuator in the form of a heater is carried out by measuring the AC voltage on the heater during control. This voltage is measured with a computer-based oscilloscope. Based on the test results, with the initial temperature around the room temperature and reference temperature, the system time constant can be identified. This time constant value is obtained based on the output temperature graph which is identical to the first-order system response. Thus, this experimental study succeeded in identifying the characteristics of the system in the form of a time constant and the system was identified as identical to the first order system.

References

R.W. Jones, B.R. Mace, and M.T. Tham (2002): The evolution of mechanical engineering curricula: mechatronics, in International Conference on Engineering Education, August 18-21, 2002, Manchester, UK.

A. Lukaszewicz, R. Trochimczuk, M. Melnyk, and A. Kernytskyy (2021): Design of Mechatronics Systems Using CAx Environment, in book: Methods and tools in CAD – selected issues (pp.7-14), Publisher: Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Białostockiej, DOI: 10.24427/978-83-66391-87-1_01.

L.-M. Sima and M. Zapciu (2020): The Nonconventional Mechatronic System, Nonconventional Technologies Review, Romania, June, 2020.

M.K. Habib (2007): Mechatronics A Unifying Interdisciplinary and Intelligent Engineering Science Paradigm, in IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, February 2007, DOI: 10.1109/MIE.2007.901480.

N. Kyura, and H. Oho (1996): Mechatronics—an industrial perspective, IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 10–15.

T. Mori (1969): Mechatronics, Yasakawa Internal Trademark Application Memo 21.131.01, July 12, 1969.

M.E.M. Soudagar (2015): Mechatronics: A Multidisciplinary Field of Engineering, IJARMET, 1, 27-29.

S. Lavania, and S.K. Sharma (2013): An Autonomous Metro: Design and Execution, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4948.9120.

N. Pannaga, N. Ganesh and R. Gupta (2013): Mechatronics – An Introduction to Mechatronics, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), Vol. 2, No. 8, August-2013, ISSN: 2278-0181.

F.A. Salem, A.A. Aly and N. Merabtine (2015): Implementation of Mechatronics System Design Strategy: Case studies at Taif University-Saudi Arabia, International Journal of Education and Information Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2015, pp. 117-138, http://www.aiscience.org/journal/ijeit.

F.A. Salem, A.A. and Mahfouz (2013): A Proposed Approach to Mechatronics Design and Implementation Education-Oriented Methodology, Innovative Systems Design and Engineering, Vol.4, No.10, 2013, ISSN 2222-1727 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2871 (Online).

A. Smaili (2002): A Model For Integrating Mechatronics Into Mechanical Engineering Education, in Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, pp. 7.64.1-7.64.8, DOI: 10.18260/1-2--11178.

J.O. Obande, G.M. Rabiu and J.D. Galadima (2014): Building Of Smart Systems Using Mechatronic Engineering: A Case Study Of “Smart Door” System, IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE), Vol.16, No.5, 2014, e-ISSN: 2278-0661, p-ISSN: 2278-8727, pp.78-84.

M. Mcharek, M. Hammadi and T. Azib (2019): Collaborative design process and product knowledge methodology for mechatronic systems, Computers in Industry, 105 (February 2019), 213-228, DOI:10.1016/j.compind.2018.12.008.

R.B. Mosbah, R. Dourlens, A. Ramdane-Cherif, N. Levy and F. Losavio (2011): Information management of mechatronic systems materials, in International Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Systems and Technologies - CompSysTech '11.

A. Smaili and S. Chehade (2005): Effective Integration of Mechatronics into Mechanical Engineering Curriculum: A Cooperative, Project-Based Learning Model with Seamless Lab/Lecture Implementation, International Journal of Engineering Education, 21, pp.739-744.

M. Šegvić, K. Krajček and E. Ivanjko (2015): Technologies for distributed flight control systems: A review, in 38th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO), 2015, pp. 1060-1065, doi: 10.1109/MIPRO.2015.7160432.

D. McLean (2003): Automatic Flight Control Systems, Measurement and Control, Vol.36, No.6, pp.172-175.

Y. Fan, L. Xiao, W. Hu, H. Sun and R. Cheng (2018): Research on Automotive Outside Airbag System Based on Pyroelectric Infrared Detector, Advances in Intelligent Systems Research, Vol.159, pp.98-101.

T.N. Shaikh, S. Chaudhari and H. Rasania s(2013): Air Bag: A Safety Restraint System of an Automobile, Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Application, Vol.3, No.5, pp.615-621.

T.H.P. Prasada, K. Manjunath, S.V. Chakrasali, B.M. Sathisha and E.G. Satish (2021): Recent Advances in Antilock Braking System and its Control Strategies, Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry (TOJQI), Vol.12, No.3, pp.2938- 2950.

K. Bhasin (2019): A Review Paper on Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) and its Future Scope, IJRASET, 7. 372-375. 10.22214/ijraset.2019.8053.

J. Arents and M. Greitans (2022): Smart Industrial Robot Control Trends, Challenges and Opportunities within Manufacturing. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 937. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/app12020937.

M. Aldossari and A.M. Zin (2019): The Use of Automation And Robotic Innovations In The Transformational Companies: Systematic Literature Review, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 97, pp.3661-3690.

P. Vichare, X. Zhang, V. Dhokia, W.M. Cheung, W. Xiao and L. Zheng (2017): Computer numerical control machine tool information reusability within virtual machining systems. In Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture. 232. 095440541770821. 10.1177/0954405417708219.

[26]. Y. Koren, J. Ben-Uri and T. Higgins (1980): Numerical Control of Machine Tools. Systems, IEEE Transactions of Systems, Man. and Cybernetics, Vol.10, No.3, pp.175-175. 10.1109/TSMC.1980.4308460.

A. Hashimoto, N. Mori, T. Funatomi, Y. Yamakata, K. Kakusho and M. Minoh (2008): Smart kitchen: A user centric cooking support system, in Proceedings of IPMU'08, pp.848-854.

I.S. Dogan, Ö. Yildiz, and B. Tasan (2012): Determination of the bread-making quality of flours using an automatic bread machine. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 36, pp.608-618, 10.3906/tar-1202-48.

H. Sakidin, P. Sudhakaran, M.S. Saad, S.S. Rozali and A.A. AlMashhor (2017): Development of eco-friendly washing machine, in MATEC Web of Conferences 131, 04015 (2017) DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201713104015

D. Mikołajewski, P. Prokopowicz, E. Mikołajewska, G.M. Wójcik and J. Masiak (2017): Traditional Versus Mechatronic Toys in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Acta Mechatronica - International Scientific Journal about Mechatronics, Vol.2. No.1, pp.11-17.

C. Aderklou, L. Fritzdorf, U. Tebelius, J. Bengtsson and A.-J. Baerveldt (2002): Pedatronics: Robotic Toys As A Source Toevokeyoung Girls' Technological Interest, in 32nd ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference F1C-19. 10.1109/FIE.2002.1158125.

F. Hernanto (2017): Rancang Bangun Sistem Kendali Parkir Otomatis Dengan Menggunakan Sensor Proximity Berbasis Mikrokontroler, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, repository.upi.edu/perpustakaan.upi.edu.

A. Yanto, Anrinal and R.A. Pratama (2016): A Simple Dynamic Signal Analyzer Virtual Instrument to Monitoring and Control Airflow Temperature, Jurnal Teknik Mesin, Vol.6, No.2, pp.80-85.

A. Ryniecki, J. Wawrzyniak and A.A. Pilarska (2015): Basics of process: the on-off control system, Food Industry, 11, pp.26-29.

[35]. IMI Hyd. Eng. (2022): Modulating vs On-Off Control for HVAC System Optimization, https://www2.imi-hydronic.com/ro/ta-modulator/news/modulating-v-on-off-control/. 5-4-2022.

O.C. Emmanuel, E. John and O. Olumide (2011): Temperature Control System, Department of Computer Science and Mathematics School of Science and Technology Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State Nigeria.

Siemens Switzerland Ltd. (2008): Air duct temperature controller RLM162, http://www.siemens.com/Air Duct Temperature.pdf, 06 – 08 – 2016.

Chromalox (2008): Air Temperature Control Electric Heating System, http://www.chromalox.com/Air Temperature Control Electric Heating System.pdf, 06 – 08 – 2016.

Danfoss (2006): Controller for Temperature Control, http://www.danfoss.com/Controller for Temperature Control.pdf, 06 – 08 – 2016.

WPI (World Precision Instruments) Inc. (2007): Precise temperature controlled air heater and humidifier, http://www.wpiinc.com/Air-Therm-H.pdf, 06 – 08 – 2016.

Belimo (2006): Room temperature controller TRC, http://www.belimo.com/Room temperature controller TRC.pdf, 06 – 08 – 2016.

Omega (2003): Temperature Control Tuning a PID (Three Mode) Controller, http://www.omega.com/Temperature Control Tuning a PID (Three Mode) Controller.pdf, 06 – 08 – 2016.

I. Okulska and M. Ławrynczuk (2021): Make a difference, open the door: The energy-efficient multi-layer thermal comfort control system based on a graph airflow model with doors and windows, Information Sciences, 579, pp.553–573.

Y. Sahin and A. Göçer (2020): Control of air flow temperature and pressure in the pipelines with PID, International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 11, 10.1556/1848.2020.20028.

J. Zhuang, Y. Chen and J. Wu (2019): Cascade control for supply air temperature in a variable air volume system, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 238 (2019), doi:10.1088/1755-1315/238/1/012021.

M. Pilatasig, G. Chacon, V. Tapia, F. Silva and A. Acurio (2018): Airflow station controlled by PID and fuzzy controllers using a low cost card for didactic uses in controllers’ evaluation, in Proceedings of The 9th International Multi-Conference on Complexity, Informatics and Cybernetics (IMCIC 2018), pp.72-76.

A. Genco, A. Viggiano, L. Viscido, G. Sellitto and V. Magia (2018): Dynamic analysis of HVAC for industrial plants with different airflow control systems, Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, Vol.6, June 2018, pp.330-345.

R. Novianto (2016): Pemodelan dan Analisis Kendali Suhu Ruangan dengan Logika Fuzzy Menggunakan Matlab, Jurusan Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Semarang.

L. Jun, J. Zhenwei and G. Rongxing, (2013): Modeling and Simulation on Temperature Control System of Farm Products Baking Equipment, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer Science and Electronics Engineering (ICCSEE 2013),

A. Yanto dan S. Hadi. (2013): Pengembangan Metode Pengontrolan Temperatur Aliran Udara Dengan Menggunakan Analog Voltage-Controlled Phase Angle-Fired Power Interface, Jurnal Teknik Elektro ITP, Vol.2, No.3, pp.6-11.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

Yanto, A., Adriyan, A., Saferi, R., & Al Hafizh, M. H. . (2022). Experimental Study of Mechatronic System On Control of Air Flow Temperature. Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 12(1), 39–46. https://doi.org/10.21063/jtm.2022.v12.i1.39-46