Product Characteristics of 100% Recycled Polypropylene Plastic

Authors

  • Karnova Yanel Institut Teknologi Padang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21063/jtm.2022.v12.i1.66-71

Keywords:

polypropylene plastic, recycled, product characteristics, hand molding, temperature

Abstract

Plastics can be grouped into two groups, thermoplast plastics and thermoset plastics. Thermoplast plastic is a plastic that can be molded over and over again in the presence of heat. Thermoplast plastics include PE (Polyethylene), PP (Polypropylene), PS (Polystyrene), ABS (Abutile Butadine Styrene), Nylon, PET (Polyethylene Terephthalete), POM (Polyacetal), PC (Polycarbonate), etc. At process of making vases that presented in this work, the plastic material used is PP. To investigate the characteristics of the resulting product, the mechanical characteristics of the print are tested by tensile testing. By using 100% recycled PP waste raw materials using hand molding, it turned out to be successful and became a new product (flower vase) that can be utilized. But, there are decrease in the quality of virgin plastic about 31.7% of modulus of elasticity value, 94.81% of stress value and 91% of strain value. From the tensile test results, it can be concluded that the recommended printing temperature is 220 oC.

References

I. Mujiarto (2005). Sifat dan Karakteristik Material Plastik dan Bahan Aditif. Traksi, 3(2), 65–74.

K. Yanel & Hafni (2017). Perancangan dan Pembuatan Hand Moulding untuk Pengolahan Sampah Plastik Menjadi Vas Bunga. Prosiding SENASTEK Univrab 2017, 136.

K. Yanel & Hafni (2021). Modifikasi Hand Molding Vas Bunga untuk Daur Ulang Thermo Plastik. Jurnal Teknik Mesin Institut Teknologi Padang, Vol.11, No.1, April 2021.

U.B. Surono (2013). Berbagai Metode Konversi Sampah Plastik. Jurnal Teknik, 3(1), 32–40.

M. Yamashita (2014). Status of Recycling Plastic Bottles in Japan and a Comparison of the Energy Costs of Different Recycling Methods. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 2(4), 132. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijepp.20140204.12

Andreyabad (2012), Plastik, Manfaat dan Bahayanya, http://balihub.com/ge-neral/ manfaat- dan-bahaya-plastik/, diakses pada tanggal 16 November 2013.

Ahvenainen, Raija. (2003). Modern Plastics Handbook (edisi ke-1st). Woodhead Publishing Limited.. hlm. 24.1

I. Yulianto & H. Prassetiyo (2014). Rancangan Desain Mold Produk Knob Regulator Kompor Gas Pada Proses Injection Molding *. Perancangan Sistem Informasi, Volume 2(3), 140–151.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

Yanel, K. (2022). Product Characteristics of 100% Recycled Polypropylene Plastic. Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 12(1), 66–71. https://doi.org/10.21063/jtm.2022.v12.i1.66-71